Science explores the physical order of the universe. It is one of the traditional seven liberal arts and is one of the four ‘quadrivium’ subjects alongside arithmetic, geometry and music.

Term 1

Students will look at science in the ancient world, focussing on such topics as rationalism, inquiry, mathematics, medicine and early astronomy. Students will learn of Archimedes and Euclid as they look at the foundations of mathematics and physics. They will study medicine with Hippocrates and Galen, and begin to study astronomy with Ptolemy. Traversing the ancient world with these great thinkers, students will gain an understanding of the ancient roots of modern science.

Term 2

Students will focus on the astronomical aspects of the Scientific Revolution. Looking at the groundbreaking – and controversial – observations of Nicholas Copernicus, Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei. This term will take students through the drama of heliocentrism, from its conception to acceptance, finishing the course with Newton’s gravitational theorem.

Term 3

Beginning with Francis Bacon and the Scientific Method, students will follow science through the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Studying the work of such scientists as Joseph Priestly, Robert Boyle and Galvani, this term will focus on the field of chemistry, from metallurgy to the periodic table.

Term 4

This term explores the major components of modern science, non-Euclidean geometry, advances in biology, nuclear and quantum science, and relativity theory.